Of the world’s 50 Least Developed Countries (LDCs), 15 are located in Asia and remaining are in Africa and South America. Development and management of irrigation, drainage and flood control play a key role in poverty eradication and increasing the productivity of agriculture in LDCs. ICID in 2003 established a Task Force for Least Developed Countries in Asia (TF-LDCs-AS) to investigate the problems and needs of LDCs and to identify the priority issues that need to be addressed for their development. It was found that the LDCs are facing problems like – capital shortage, poor governance, limited capacity to service financial borrowings, inadequate legal systems, and underdeveloped farmer organizations. This book contains various recommendations towards promoting irrigation and drainage in LDCs of Asia.